Division of Infectious Diseases, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center 
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Interesting Cases Seen Recently on the Infectious Diseases Consult Service at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center

A strength of our training program is the very large number of interesting infectious disease cases seen by our consultation services. Our population comes from around the world and many patients have had poor access to medical care until they come into our healthcare system. Thus we see many unusual infections, which allows our fellows and housestaff to see a very broad range of both uncommon infectious diseases and unusual manifestations of more common infectious diseases.


     Recently Seen Interesting Cases

Toxic Shock Syndrome associated with MRSA wound infection

Listeria bacteremia

Hansen's disease (Mycobacterium leprae)

Echinoccal muscle infection (cystic)

Clostridium perfringens wound infection

Mycobacterium abscessus central line-assoicated infection

Streptococcus mutans endocardits on 3 cardiac valves

VRE prosthetic valve endocarditis

Invasive abdominal candidiasis (bowel wall invasion)

Aspergillus endocarditis

Bartonella endocarditis (2 cases)

Fusarium keratitis

Rothia dentocariosa endocarditis

Varicella Zoster Meningitis

Cold abscesses due to Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Group B Streptococcus meningitits

Neisseria sicca/flava spontaneous bacterial peritonitis

Rag1 mutation-associated immunodeficiency

Anaerobic pericarditis

Haemophilus parainfluenzae endocarditis

Tropical Pulmonary Eosinophila/Filariasis


Maxillofacial actinomycosis

HSV-2 meningitis

Subdural empyema caused by Salmonella

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

Biliary ascariasis

Disseminated Mycobacterium bovis infection

Mastoiditis with pyogenic infection of cavernous sinus

Entamoeba histolytica liver abscess

Moraxella endocarditis

Disseminated tuberculosis with testicular involvement

Tuberculous pericarditis

Enterococcal endocarditis

Plasmodium ovale

Primary HIV infection

Histoplasma meningitis

Lambl's excrescences

Actinomyces infection of vascular graft

MDR TB Lymphadenitis

Cutaneous crytpococcus (w/ assd neutropenic fever)

Alloiococcus otitidis bacteremia

Neurocysticercosis (several cases, including racemose, cerebellar, and ventricular infections)

Cryptococcal meningitis in an HIV-negative person

Raoltella planticolla bacteremia (2 cases)

Ascaris intestinal obstruction

Adrenal insufficiency 2/2 disseminated histoplasmosis (HIV)

Plasmodium vivax

Plasmodium faclcipirum in a partially immune host

Bipolaris nasal mass

Anti-NMDA receptor antibody encephalitis

IV Ig-associated meningitis

Meningococcal meningitis secondary to eculizumab

Mixed Pseudallescheria boydii/coccidioidomycosis pulmonary infection

Pulmonary Strongyloides infection

HSV Hepatitis

Sweet’s syndrome

Multicentric Castleman's disease (HIV)

Eosinophilic pneumonia secondary to daptomycin

Whipple's disease

Candida vertebral osteomyelitis

Actinomyces foot infection

Anterior uveitis secondary to syphilis (HIV)

Diffuse infiltrative lymphocytosis syndrome (HIV)

Rhinocerebral mucormycosis

Pulmonary aspergilloma

Other interesting cases seen the recent past

Acute retinal necrosis due to VZV

Chylothorax due to lymphangiomatosis (HIV)

Mycobacterium tuberculosis meningitis (HIV)

Disseminated histoplasmosis with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HIV)

Transverse myelitis due to acute HIV seroconversion

Disseminated coccidioidomycosis with pyogenic liver abscess

Mycobacterium avium complex IRIS (HIV)


Mycobacterium tuberculosis pericarditis

Adult onset Still's disease

CNS toxoplasmosis (HIV)

Plasmodium ovale

CMV esophagitis (HIV)

HSV keratitis (renal transplant)

Pulmonary Nocardia, disseminated cryptococcus, and Kaposi's sarcoma (HIV

Salmonella vertebral osteomyelitis and bacteremia

Acute HIV infection complicated by Guillain-Barre syndrome (HIV)

Cryptococcal pneumonia and PCP in patient w/ Evan's syndrome

Pulmonary aspergillosis and influenza B

Disseminated tuberculosis (HIV)

Hepatosplenic candidiasis (neutropenic host)

Reactive arthritis after diagnosis of gonorrhea (HIV)

Orbital cellulitis with septic dural sinus thrombosis

Streptococcus pneumoniae septic arthritis (HIV)

HIV-associated pulmonary HTN and cryptococcal meningitis (HIV)


Disseminated coccidioidomycosis with meningitis

Candidemia with chorioretinitis

Candida vertebral osteomyelitis

Filariasis with elephantiasis

Q fever hepatitis

Wound botulism

Disseminated vaccinia (smallpox vaccine)

Cutaneous amebiasis

Pulmonary mucormycosis

Intestinal mucormycosis

Cryptococcal gatii meningitis (HIV negative)

Cryptococcal pneumonia (HIV negative)

Murine typhus

Vertebral osteomyelitis due to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Pott’s disease)

Mycobacterium avium complex infection of the knee (HIV negative)

Disseminated Mycobacterium tuberculosis in pregnancy

Amebic liver abscess

Pyogenic liver abscess

Typhoid fever

Sutonella Endocarditis

Brucella Endocarditis

Meningeal coccidiomycosis (many cases)

Peritoneal coccidiomycosis

Coccidiomycosis osteomyelitis

Nocardial brain abscess

Staphylococcal vertebral osteomyelitis with paraspinous abscess (many cases)

Prosthetic joint infection due to Streptococcus pneumoniae

Madura foot

Mollaret’s meningitis due to HSV 2

Synergistic necrotizing fasciitis

Post-splenectomy pneumococcal sepsis

Hansen’s Disease (Leprosy)

Bartonella lymphadenopathy

Staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome


Disseminated Mycobacterium chelonae

Mycobacterium chelonae peritonitis

Mycobacterium abscessus wound infection

Miliary tuberculosis

West Nile encephalitis

West Nile poliomyelitis syndrome

Dengue fever

Candida endophthalmitis

Pyogenic brain abscess

Gonorrhea panophthalmitis with ruptured globe

Chronic granulomatous disease with liver abscesses

Gastrointestinal leishmaniasis

Syphilitic aortitis

VRE meningitis

Job’s syndrome (hyper IgE) with lung abscess

 Harbor-UCLA Medical Center is an active and integral training campus of the broader    David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

Join us as we meet the challenges of infectious diseases in the 21st century